You must never take your eyes for granted. Follow the simple steps below to ensure that your eyes stay healthy.
Proper eye health starts with what you eat. Nutrients like lutein, zinc, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin C and vitamin E can help in the prevention of age-related vision issues such as cataracts and macular degeneration. To get these nutrients, fill your plate with:
- Pork and oysters
- Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices
- Beans, nuts, eggs, and other non-meat protein sources
- Tuna, salmon, and other oily fish
- Green leafy vegetables such as collards, kale, and spinach
A balanced diet is also important for helping you maintain a healthy weight, which in turn lowers your risk of developing obesity and other related diseases such as type 2 diabetes - the number 1 cause of adult blindness.
Smoking makes you more likely to get cataracts, causes macular degeneration, and damages the optic nerve. If you have tried to quit smoking without much success, keep trying. The higher the number of times you try to quit, the higher your chances of success. You can ask your doctor for help with this.
The right pair of sunglasses can help protect the eyes from the ultraviolet (UV) from the sun. Too much exposure to UV rays increases your chances of macular degeneration and cataracts.
A good pair of sunglasses is one that blocks between 99 and 100 percent of the UVA & UVB rays. To protect the eyes from the side, wear wraparound lenses. Wear polarized lenses to help reduce glare while driving.
It is also important to find contact lenses that offer UV protection. However, you still need to wear sunglasses for additional protection.
Using Safety Eyewear
If you use airborne or hazardous materials either at home or on the job, it is always advisable to wear protective goggles or safety glasses.
Sports such as lacrosse, racquetball, and ice hockey can lead to eye injuries. Always wear protective eye gear such as ports glasses with polycarbonate lenses or helmets that have protective face masks to help shield the eyes.
Stop Staring at the Computer Screen
If you stare at your phone or computer screen for too long, you can suffer from:
- Dry eyes
- Trouble focusing at a distance
- Shoulder, back, and neck pain
- Blurry vision
To ensure that your eyes are adequately protected:
- Blink more if your eyes are dry
- Invest in a comfortable, supportive chair and position it such that your feet are flat on the floor
- Try avoiding glare from lights and windows. You can use an anti-glare screen if necessary
- Move your computer monitor so that the eyes are level with the top of the screen. This will let you look slightly down at your screen
- If eye strain doesn’t go away on its own, talk to your doctor about getting computer glasses
- Ensure that your contacts or glasses prescription is up to date and good for looking at computer screens
- Rest the eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least once every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.
Visit the Eye Doctor Regularly
Everybody requires eye exams regularly, even young children. It lets you see your best and helps protect your sight.
Eye exams are also critical to finding diseases such as glaucoma, which have no symptoms. It is important to ensure that they are spotted early on when they are easier to treat.